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The slope used in all Cassiopée's modules is the topographic slope:

The grade (also called slope, incline, gradient, mainfall, pitch or rise) of a physical feature, landform or constructed line refers to the tangent of the angle of that surface to the horizontal. (Source: Wikipedia)

Longitudinal cross-sectional scheme of a rectilinear section

The slope (\(I\)) in m/m used in Cassiopee's modules is:

\[ I = \Delta h / d = \tan(\alpha) \]


All calculation modules consider a descending slope as positive except for the "Jet Impact" module where a positive slope will be considered as rising and vice versa. To invert the slope in a calculation sequence of linked modules, use the "linear function" module with \(a= -1\) and \(b=0\).

The "Slope" module

This tools allows to calculate the missing value of the four quantities:

  • upstream elevation (\(Z_1\)) in m;
  • downstream elevation (\(Z_2\)) in m;
  • length (\(d\)) in m;
  • slope (\(I\)) in m/m, with \(I = \frac{(Z_1 - Z_2)}{d}\).